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Friday, August 19, 2022

A growing population and dwindling resources are fleeting

By Mudassar Qadeer

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According to the United Nations report, Pakistan’s population may reach two hundred and forty-five million by 2030. According to experts, the population of the world is increasing at the rate of one-tenth eight percent. Asia is home to the fastest growing population. About sixty percent of the world’s population lives in this region. According to United Nations data, Pakistan is the sixth among the ten most populous countries in the world. If the rate of population growth continues at the current rate, the world population may reach 11.2 billion by the time we enter the 22nd century.Increasing population is also causing various social evils including early marriages, unemployment, increase in illiteracy, child labour, terrorism and exploitation of children etc. If the country’s problems are not evaluated, then the growing unruly population is having an impact on the country’s resources, especially the limited natural resources. Is. According to experts, Pakistan is at the top of the three countries in the world affected by water shortage. According to a report, according to the data of 1951, 5300 cubic meters of water per capita was available in Pakistan, while in 2017, it has reduced to only 860 cubic meters, which is now constant. Moving towards a danger sign.The same is the case with sewage systems in cities. For example, before this rampant expansion of population, a kilometer-long pipeline of water and sewage was enough to deliver about a hundred houses, but now due to the expansion of population, the burden of a thousand houses has been transferred to this pipeline. It is certain that the increase in population makes it difficult to deliver services anywhere. Just as population growth is causing innumerable traffic problems. And who does not know that reckless traffic is the main cause of environmental pollution, which is causing deadly diseases, including cancer.Pakistan is currently facing many problems. There are monsters like unemployment, inflation and load-shedding that cannot be eradicated. But regardless of all this, one problem that spreads like a cancerous abscess is the problem of unruly population. It has not only become a huge obstacle in the way of the country’s development, but it is also devouring the country’s resources like crocodiles to sea creatures. But the tragedy is that till today, from our rulers to the common people, no one has realized the seriousness of this problem and no one has seen any threat to it for the times to come.Despite repeated warnings by experts including the United Nations that more than four million people in Pakistan are forced to live below the poverty line, more than seven million Pakistanis do not have access to clean drinking water. Pakistan’s largest and most prosperous province with population, 90 million people are facing sanitary problems. Around seven crore people are forced to live in one-room houses.Despite the increasing unemployment, lack of health and education, transport and other basic facilities, the rulers are having difficulty understanding what is the real cause of these problems. This report of the United Nations last year regarding the growing population. After more than 31 million mothers around the world go through childbirth due to the lack of various basic medical facilities. Out of which more than 20 million mothers are those who give birth four to six times in their life. They have repeatedly given birth to children due to dangerous situations. Even more alarming is the number of women who die during the process due to lack of basic medical facilities and a balanced diet.According to the official census conducted in 1998, the total population of Pakistan was 132.4 million, while in 2017 it reached 207.8 million, that is, an increase of 57% in 19 years, i.e. an increase of 3% per year (while in the United States The population growth rate is 1.7 percent per year), which is much higher than other countries. Three years ago, the United Nations Population Fund said in a report that between 1990 and 2019, Pakistan and Nigeria are the only countries that have The population has doubled during this period. There are several reasons for the rate of population growth in Pakistan. Chief among them is ignorance and low literacy rate while not being aware of the number of children according to resources. There are significant reasons to give a special color to the family planning program. Other reasons include poverty, unemployment, lack of concern for the future and poor planning and lack of interest in population reduction at the government level. If we look around us, we see poverty as a major cause of population growth.It is a human psychological point that if there is an abundance of wealth and wealth, one does not pay attention to raising children in the house because it is also thought that due to more people, the wealth will have to be divided into more parts and such families I am not worried about the support of old age, on the contrary, the birth of more children is emphasized in the poor sections because they need a source of income and also support for old age. Since the first priority in these situations is the boy, due to which in the case of the birth of girls, the chain of procreation continues until the birth of a boy, which leads to the increase in population. are changing into colonies, due to which it is becoming increasingly difficult for Pakistan to meet the food requirements of its own population.Apart from wheat, its effects have also started affecting fruits, vegetables and pulses. Due to the increase in population, the rate of malnutrition among children is becoming alarming day by day. According to a survey report that came out in 2019, more than one third of children in Pakistan are suffering from lack of food. 29 percent of children suffer from underweight, more than 17 percent of children suffer from congenital weakness while 38 percent of children suffer from short stature for age. According to another survey, every year more than twelve thousand women in Pakistan lose their lives during pregnancy and childbirth. To solve this problem, by making the family planning department active, from the experiences of Bangladesh and Iran. We will have to use those who have taken all the schools of thought into confidence and have obliged people to have proper spacing and planning in the birth of children. The effects of which can be clearly seen in these countries.

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