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Pakistan
Saturday, July 2, 2022

The All Pakistan Private Schools Federation presented the APPSF Pre-Budget Education Recommendations 2022-23 to the Prime Minister and all the Chief Ministers.

Kashif Mirza
President All Pakistan Private Schools Federation

The federal and provincial governments are recommended to allocate and spend at least 5% of GDP and budget for education and sports. Mirza Kashif Ali

Recommendations for Pre-Budget 2022-23 suggest that:

  1. In the new budget to the federal and provincial governments to allocate and spend at least 5% of GDP on education and research for schools and the higher education sector, taking into account the effects of COVID-19 epidemics and high inflation. Recommended
  2. 25% of this budget should be spent on higher education and the remaining 75% should be spent on school, college and technical education.
  3. The government should announce tax exemption and exemption for 5 years for investment in the education sector, so that new schools, colleges, universities, technical and vocational institutes can be established.
  4. Unless run with a purpose, the rapid advancement of science and technology can increase inequality, increase social divisions and accelerate resource scarcity.
    Government spending on school education was less than $ 100, and higher education was less than $ 250 per student. This year we have to set and increase huge budgets for research, science and technology.
  5. The education sector cannot survive without a significant increase in funding due to COVID, so a special relief package should be announced in the forthcoming budget.
  6. The recurring budget in the last five years has been stagnant and it has faced block allocation, so the recurring budget should be increased and it should be saved from block allocation.
  7. The APPSF has also recommended the announcement of a special relief package for the education sector in the field of educational emergency, allocation of funds for preparation of local COVID-19 vaccination and upgrading of laboratories, COVID-19 epidemic diseases. ۔
  8. APPSF further recommended that special budget be allocated for polio vaccination to all children and teachers on priority basis, and also provide free laptops, devices and net facilities to the students. In order to avoid further educational loss in the future.
  9. The government should announce relief package and interest free loans for teachers and low cost private schools. Due to continuous closure of private schools across the country, about 10,000 schools have been closed and about 700,000 teachers have lost their jobs.
  10. Set a budget to end the scourge of child labor. According to UNICEF, school closures have affected about 40 million children in Pakistan and most of them were forced into child labor.
    Establishment of Special Education Fund, provision of Internet devices to students, provision of new schools, colleges and universities with proper faculty and funding, promotion of culture of intelligent classrooms, adequate funding for continuous faculty development programs. The recommendations also included a special focus on the social sector and a special budget for science and skills.
  11. The APPSF offered public-private partnership to the government, adopting an innovative approach to overcome the challenges facing the education sector.
  12. APPSF recommended expanding matric tech programs in schools across Pakistan to provide technical training at matric level.
  13. At least 25% of all schools and colleges should be converted into high level technical schools and colleges with foreign assistance to ensure high quality skilled workers, scholarships for 25,000 students for PhD. But to be sent annually to 500 top universities abroad so that technologies can be studied.
  14. APPSF values ​​value through technology parks, innovation and entrepreneurship promotion, funding for knowledge economy task force projects in emerging sectors of industrial and agricultural importance, promotion of high-tech manufacturing, appropriate policies and incentives. Proposed major national programs for aided exports.
  15. APPSF further recommends that stakeholder and end users across Pakistan be involved in the policy making process, scholarships for public and private sector, research, grants and faculty training, equal opportunities, one window for issuance of registration. To facilitate, NOC and accreditation of academic and programs should be arranged to avoid unnecessary delays.
  16. The APPSF is dedicated to the autonomy of educational institutions and to the teaching and research community, the establishment of a contributory fund for the payment of pensions, the encouragement of the role of the private sector in the education sector, the revival of the local scholarship program and the sharing of expertise. He also emphasized on grants.
  17. 22.9 million children between the ages of 5 and 16 are out of school in Pakistan. A large budget should be set aside for the establishment of literacy centers across the country and for the education of about 23 million out-of-school children.

The alarming statistics that the current workforce, which is young, are largely unskilled, and poorly prepared for productive employment. In this way, the rate of participation in schooling at all levels can be improved.

  1. Much remains to be done to expand and deepen reforms to reach millions of out-of-school children and at all levels.To improve the participation rate in school education, especially in middle and high or higher post-primary grades and secondary schools. Improving completion rates and learning levels will require targeted investments and programs.
  2. Total public expenditure on health, nutrition and education in Pakistan is only 3% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and education is only 2% of GDP, which is far less than the competition. In 2010, education became primarily a provincial responsibility, and with the increase in this responsibility came more funding. But capacity building at the provincial and district levels is needed to ensure the value of money in public spending.
  3. Targeted investment and program completion rates can improve learning levels. Properly focused, reforms can reduce inequalities in educational outcomes in gender, socio-economic classes, geography, and districts.
  4. Investment and reforms in the field of secondary education and improving the quality of education and governance at all levels in Pakistan are essential for improving educational outcomes.
  5. Further reforms will be needed to increase tax collection and prioritize public spending on education and health as the structural adjustment program moves forward.
  6. These include post-primary access, teacher quality and management, assessment and curriculum, and reforms to improve governance and financing of the sector. Expanding and expanding the PPP will play a key role in strengthening the mainstream system of government.
  7. It will be important to focus on reducing inequalities in educational outcomes in gender, socio-economic classes, geographies and districts if the reforms are to have a significant impact.
  8. In addition, budget execution rates, especially in the education sector, are too low for non-payroll expenditures. Prevent costs.
  9. Public-private partnerships (PPPs) can play a key role, as can strengthening the mainstream system of government.
  10. Budget Call Circular should clearly mention the available resources and percentage of development for girls education. The federal and provincial governments should introduce a new header title in the budget rankings for gender development.
  11. Provincial governments should include a separate statement with budget documents, which may provide specific information on government policy for girls’ education. Policy measures to improve girls ‘education in terms of resource allocation and its efficient use, detailed review of current and development budgets allocated for girls’ education, enrollment of girls in government schools by grade level and basic facilities Be provided.
  12. The federal and provincial governments need to introduce additional budgets for innovative initiatives and programs in view of the deteriorating situation in the education sector. need to.
  13. More budgets should be set and governments have paid more attention to the enrollment drive, which raises the challenge of maintaining the current enrollment and retaining them in schools until their education is completed.
  14. The role of MPs and legislators is crucial in making the government’s fiscal policies more accountable to education with technical assistance.
  15. The involvement of civil society in the education budgeting process can play an important role, as it increases the value and ownership of initiatives.
  16. The above mentioned education budget will be used for advocacy to increase awareness among policy makers, legislators, officials and the people.
  17. Keeping track of budgets will be important to ensure effective use of allocated funds and their results. Currently, no institution conducts such exercises in a regular and institutional manner.
  18. Education is one of the most important social sectors as it attracts the interest of all policy makers and practitioners alike. Improvement in human capital and quality of employable labor is directly related to investment in education.
  19. Increases government spending on education and improves effective social cohesion, which indirectly affects the health sector through better nutrition, precautionary care and hygiene, and increases the educated population in public decision making. Informed participation.
  20. It is to ensure development as part of the country’s priorities so that existing geographical, socio-economic, and gender disparities cannot be maintained. Some of these gaps are now very wide.

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