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Tuesday, June 15, 2021

What is a hernia, why does it occur, what is the treatment?

What is a hernia? If a person feels a lump in the abdomen, it could be a hernia. The lump may be soft and small at first without any pain and after a while it may be a little painful and swollen.

Why and how does a hernia occur? Hernia occurs when a part of the abdominal organs such as the intestines, intestines or bladder or the fatty tissues in the abdomen are pushed through a weak spot or there are tears in the abdominal muscles. The contents of the lump or bleach can be intestinal or fatty tissue. This lump in the abdominal wall is sometimes called outbound. Hernia usually occurs in areas of the abdomen where the abdominal wall is weak or thin, either because the space is already weak or because of a defect. This process weakens the space. And the abdominal walls become thinner. And the pressure inside the abdomen increases, such as coughing puts pressure on the abdomen, or lifting a weight can cause a hernia.

This material usually forms a thin membrane of an inner surface layer of adipose tissue forming part of the intestinal tract or abdomen. The hernia covered by the main purpose can manifest without any symptoms and sometimes with unbearable pain. Is. In almost every case, hernia is a part of the circulatory system, where blood problems begin to be violated, where the blood supply is low or high, or if there is another blood problem, the risk of hernia is greatly increased. Goes

When the hernia emerges from the weakened part, through this hole it begins to constrict the blood vessels with the new sufficient force of their full clamming. The problem of blood disorder is solved along with the problem of hernia. Our bodies need oxygen all the time. The pain comes on suddenly and can cause a lack of oxygen. If oxygen is not available immediately, the patient’s life may be in danger and the patient may die due to other complications. It should not be delayed at all and treatment of hernia should be started as soon as possible.

How does a hernia become a victim? Hernia is a disease that is most common in men but can also affect women. In this disease, the intestines or other organs protrude out of the weak part of the abdomen and appear as a sac under the skin. The hernia usually occurs in the abdomen, but it can be in the navel, upper thigh, or gorim. It can also be congenital, but most often occurs after age 30 or 40.

Causes of Hernia: A hernia can strike a person when weak muscles or weakness in the muscles interfere with the natural way of repairing and repairing the tissues inside the body. Weakening of muscles due to aging, chronic cough and surgery. Carrying a heavy load Mostly constipated. This risk can also be increased by the accumulation of fluid in the stomach or surgery on this part.

Symptoms of Hernia: The most common symptom of this disease is the appearance of a lump in the affected area. Doctors can treat a lump in the back or abdomen during treatment for an asymptomatic person. People with a hernia usually experience pain from pressure and bending over, coughing, or any kind of tension. The lump can be felt clearly when the patient is standing. This hernia can be pushed into the abdomen when the symptom is mild. When a person is standing, the lump can be checked especially due to gravity pulling. This is very noticeable.

Other symptoms of hernia are: 1. Asthma and a heavy sensation in the abdomen. 2. Pain and swelling in the scrotum. 3. Pain with bowel movements or during urination. 4. It hurts to lift or place something heavy. 5. Even if you stand for a long time, the pain starts. 6. Parents may feel a lump in children when the baby cries. Coughing or stress. The deer can be pushed back inside.

Sometimes hernias can also be caused by pregnancy pressure. Hard work that involves lifting weights and standing can cause hernias. Excessive coughing due to smoking or other causes of lung damage or excessive sneezing due to allergies, obesity, stress with bowel movements (with constipation) or urinating, even from excessive exercise it hurts.

Other causes of hernia include injury. In addition, if there is any mistake in the surgery and there is no complete cure, the bigger the incision in the surgery, the greater the chances of hernia. Some people have a hernia in their family history. Some babies can also have a hernia before birth. People who have a hernia on one side of the abdomen may also have a hernia on the other.

The hernia cannot be pushed in and the hernia cannot be reduced. If God forbid the tissue gets stuck in the intestines and the blood supply is cut off, if this happens then the pain can be very severe, nausea, vomiting can also be a fever, this is a medical emergency disease of this type. Hernias require immediate surgery.

Types of Hernia: Inguinal or groin hernia is the most common type, occurring in 2% of men in the United States.

Indirect hernia: which occurs during the development of prenatal testicles and causes abdominal cramps. This pathway usually closes before birth. Sometimes it can spread to the inguinal strotum. It can happen to people of any age.

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